how to build a raised garden bed

One of the most productive ways to grow your own food is on a raised garden bed. This is because it gives you control over the soil conditions and allows for easier and quicker harvesting. Whether you go with a simple design or a more elaborate one largely depends on what your needs are and the aesthetic you want to create. Building a raised garden bed is a great DIY project if you’re handy and have some time on your hands. You’ll only need a few tools and a helping hand. Here is a blow by blow guide on how to build a raised garden bed.

1.   Pick the Perfect Spot

Pick the Perfect Spot

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Start with the end in mind. You want your plants to do well so you need to consider the location of the raised garden bed before you get started. You want the box in an area where your plants will receive adequate amounts of sun. The ground should be level to make it easier to install the garden since it spares you a lot of digging. The garden should be close to the kitchen, but steer clear of areas shaded by the house or beneath trees. Make sure there’s enough space for walkways. This space should be enough for a lawnmower or wheelbarrow of you’ll be using them for your garden.

2.   Choose the Right Material for The Raised Garden Bed

Choose the Right Material

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The most popular choice of material for building your raised garden bed is untreated rot-resistant wood. Avoid using railroad ties since they’re treated with creosote. Creosote can leak toxins into the soil. Below are some of the materials you can use for the raised garden bed:

  • Stacked Stone

Stone requires less maintenance compared to wood and other materials. Some people opt for stone because they prefer the look. The only disadvantage with using stone for your raised garden bed is the higher cost.

  • Recycled Redwood

If you want an eco-conscious raised garden bed, then you can’t go wrong with recycled redwood. Redwood is one of the most rot-resistant woods available so you can be sure it will last long without too much maintenance.

  • Woven Wattle

These are basket-like raised garden bed made by weaving twigs together. You can buy them off the shelf.

3.   Determine the Ideal Bed Size and Layout

Determine the Ideal Bed Size and Layout

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You need to remember to make your raised garden bed in such a way that you can easily reach the center. The bed shouldn’t be wider than 4 feet. The depth shouldn’t be more than 24 inches and not less than 12 inches. Make sure to leave an 18-inch path between garden beds if you want to have several of them. This will allow for easier access.

4.   Build the Raised Garden Bed

Determine the Ideal Bed Size and Layout

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You can secure wooden raised garden beds with galvanized screws at the corners. It’s not mandatory to use corner posts. You could also use planter wall blocks for the joints and corners. If you go with stone, you don’t have to build it with mortar.

5.   Line the Bottom of The Raised Garden Bed

Line the Bottom of The Raised Garden Bed

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Use newspaper or corrugated cardboard to line the bottom of the raised garden bed. This will help stop grass and weeds from growing up through the raised garden bed.

6.   Fill the Raised Garden Bed with Soil

Fill the Raised Garden Bed with Soil

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Add 1-part topsoil, 1-part sand, and 1-part compost manure into the raised garden bed. You could also use bagged soils. Once you’re done filling the box, stand on top of it to compact the soil. Make sure to leave a 2 inches allowance from the top.

7.   Plant


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Grow or transplant your vegetables of choice by digging into the soft dirt. Make sure to rotate your crops yearly if you have more than one bed.

For tips on how to go about your landscaping contact a professional at Royal Decks.